Merav Ozair

Dr Merav Ozair is a global leading expert on blockchain and cryptocurrency, with a background of a data scientist and a quant strategist. She has in-depth knowledge and experience in global financial markets and its market microstructure. Currently, Dr Ozair applies her unique expertise to researching and experimenting with decentralized finance, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and decentralized autonomous organizations applications, across different industries and business use cases. She holds a PhD from Stern Business School at NYU.

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First blockchain

The Bitcoin blockchain was launched on 3 Jan 2009 by its pseudonymous creator, Satoshi Nakamoto. Nakamoto had developed the idea of blockchain (sometimes called a decentralized ledger) as a solution to the problem of "double spending" in digital currencies. Previous systems had relied on a centralized authority (or "trusted third party") to make sure that transactions were legitimate, which fell short of Nakamoto's libertarian ideal of a truly unrestricted peer-to-peer currency. A blockchain is essentially a cryptographically secure public ledger containing every single transaction that has ever been made. When new transactions happen, they are verified by the network validators, using a cryptographic hashing algorithm, and are “waiting” in a queue to be added to a block. Once a block has been approved, it is added to the chain, containing the verified transactions, and transactions are confirmed.